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A Qualitative Systematic Review of Cigarette Smoking Cessation Interventions for Persons Living with HIV

Journal of Cancer Education
Lilli Mann-Jackson, David Choi, Erin L. Sutfin, Eunyoung Y. Song, Kristie L. Foley, Aimee M. Wilkin, Caryn G. Morse, Nicole F. Rojas, Timothy S. Oh, Scott D. Rhodes
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Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have disproportionately high rates of both cigarette smoking and tobacco-induced negative health outcomes. The goal of this qualitative systematic review was to identify gaps in the existing literature and future directions for smoking cessation support for PLWH. Three online databases were searched from their inception through December 31, 2017, using designated search terms. Peer-reviewed English-language articles that documented an intervention designed to increase smoking cessation among PLWH were reviewed. Data were abstracted using a standardized form to document study and intervention characteristics and results. Thirty-two articles, describing 28 unique intervention studies, met inclusion criteria. Interventions consisted primarily of combinations of counseling, pharmacotherapy, and the use of information and communications technology; few interventions were implemented at the clinic level. Thirteen interventions resulted in significant improvements in cessation-related outcomes. Information and communications technology and clinic-level interventions had the greatest potential for increasing smoking cessation among PLWH. Efficacious interventions designed for PLWH in the US South, and for groups of PLWH facing additional health disparities (e.g., communities of color and sexual and gender minorities), are needed. There is also a need for more rigorous research designs to test the efficacy of interventions designed to increase cessation-related outcomes among PLWH.

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