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01.12.2017 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2017

An inappropriate pacing threshold increase after repeated electrical storm in a patient with implantable cardioverter defibrillator

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Ye Zhu, Xiang Gu, Chao Xu
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12872-017-0695-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are capable of effectively terminating malignant ventricular arrhythmia and are the most effective way to prevent sudden cardiac death. However, some evidences demonstrated that both anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) and ICD shock can also bring adverse prognosis.

Case presentation

A 66-year-old Han Chinese man with prior ICD implantation was admitted to our hospital because of frequent ICD shocks. Although intravenous amiodarone and esmolol succinate were administered daily, the patient suffered 155 episodes of VT/VF during 8 weeks after implantation. After repeated discharge of the device, the pacing threshold of the patient increased gradually. Considering the inappropriate increase of the pacing threshold, we decided to reposition the right ventricular (RV) lead with good sensing and threshold parameters confirmed. Subsequent 22 months interrogation follow-up revealed a stable lead position and electrical specifications. Furthermore, antiarrhythmic drugs were maximally increased, while ATP burst was remarkably decreased and the inappropriate ICD shock never occurred until now.

Conclusion

An inappropriate pacing threshold was increased secondary to repeated ICD electrical storm. A timely active lead position adjustment reduced the pacing threshold and eliminated the risk of premature battery depletion.
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