Skip to main content
main-content

10.01.2021 | Cohort Studies | Ausgabe 3/2021

Rheumatology International 3/2021

Characteristics and outcomes of overlap myositis: a comparative multigroup cohort study in adults from the MyoCite cohort

Zeitschrift:
Rheumatology International > Ausgabe 3/2021
Autoren:
R. Naveen, Upendra Rathore, Vikas Agarwal, Latika Gupta
Wichtige Hinweise

Supplementary Information

The online version contains supplementary material available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00296-020-04779-y.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Overlap myositis (OM), an important subset of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), is being increasingly recognized with wider myositis-specific autoantibody (MSA) testing. We studied the differences in clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of OM with Dermatomyositis (DM), Polymyositis (PM), anti-synthetase syndrome (ASSD), and Cancer-associated IIM (CAM). Data from the MyoCite registry (Dec2017–May2020), a prospective dataset of IIM was extracted for the clinical profile, and MSAs, immunosuppressants received, disease activity (relapses and incomplete response), and treatment-related (drugs ADRs and infections) adverse events (DRAE and TRAE) were collected and analyzed between groups. Of 214 adults (58-OM,89-DM,27-ASSD,33-PM,7-CAM), OM had a greater female preponderance (13.5:1). Raynaud’s and sclerodactyly were the prime distinguishing features of OM. OM could be distinguished from PM by frequent arthritis (OR-3.2) and infrequent dysphagia (OR-0.17); DM with greater nephritis (OR-20), infrequent dysphagia (OR-0.24) and rashes (OR-0.02); and ASSD by infrequent ILD (OR-0.07), and mechanic’s hand (OR-0.05). 50% fulfilled the classification criteria for ASSD in the absence of MSA testing. ANA was positive more often (PM/DM: OR-6.7) and anti-Ro52 (OR-4.5) frequent in OM. Baseline serum creatinine and acute phase reactants were higher. OM received lower glucocorticoids (0 mg/kg, p < 0.001). Overall, 90% and 84% of OM at 12 and 24 months, respectively, achieved remission, with similar DRAE and TRAE as other IIM subsets. OM can be misdiagnosed as ASSD in the absence of MSA testing. Raynaud’s, sclerodactyly, and a positive ANA may identify OM and prevent overtreatment.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner*in

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Nur für berechtigte Nutzer zugänglich
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2021

Rheumatology International 3/2021 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise