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05.10.2018 | Kidney and Bone (I Salusky and T Nickolas, Section Editors) | Ausgabe 6/2018

Current Osteoporosis Reports 6/2018

CKD-MBD: from the Pathogenesis to the Identification and Development of Potential Novel Therapeutic Targets

Zeitschrift:
Current Osteoporosis Reports > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Rosilene Motta Elias, Maria Aparecida Dalboni, Ana Carolina E. Coelho, Rosa M. A. Moysés
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Kidney and Bone

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Although we have seen tremendous advances in the comprehension of CKD-MBD pathophysiology during the last few years, this was not accompanied by a significant change in mortality rate and quality of life. This review will address the traditional and updated pathophysiology of CKD-MBD along with the therapeutic limitations that affect CKD-MBD and proposed alternative treatment targets.

Recent Findings

An innovative concept brings the osteocyte to the center of CKD-MBD pathophysiology, in contrast to the traditional view of the skeleton as a target organ for disturbances in calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D. Osteocytes, through the synthesis of FGF-23, sclerostin, among others, are able to interact with other organs, making bone an endocrine organ. Thus, osteocyte dysregulation might be an early event during the course of CKD.

Summary

This review will revisit general concepts on the pathophysiology of CKD-MBD and discuss new perspectives for its treatment.

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Literatur
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