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08.05.2020 | Hepatobiliary-Pancreas Open Access

Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma: which preoperative clinical data and conventional MRI characteristics have value for the prediction of microvascular invasion and clinical significance?

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology
Autoren:
Xiaolong Wang, Wentao Wang, Xijuan Ma, Xin Lu, Shaodong Li, Mengsu Zeng, Kai Xu, Chun Yang
Wichtige Hinweise
Xiaolong Wang and Wentao Wang contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Objectives

To explore which preoperative clinical data and conventional MRI findings may indicate microvascular invasion (MVI) of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CCA) and have clinical significance.

Methods

The study enrolled 113 patients with histopathologically confirmed cHCC-CCA (MVI-positive group [n = 56], MVI-negative group [n = 57]). Two radiologists retrospectively assessed the preoperative MRI features (qualitative analysis of morphology and dynamic enhancement features), and each lesion was assigned according to the LI-RADS. Preoperative clinical data were also evaluated. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relative value of these parameters as potential predictors of MVI. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates after hepatectomy in the two groups were estimated using Kaplan–Meier survival curves and compared using the log-rank test.

Results

The majority of cHCC-CCAs were categorized as LR-M. On multivariate analysis, a higher serum AFP level (OR, 0.523; 95% CI, 0.282–0.971; p = 0.040), intratumoral fat deposition (OR, 14.368; 95% CI, 2.749–75.098; p = 0.002), and irregular arterial peritumoral enhancement (OR, 0.322; 95% CI, 0.164–0.631; p = 0.001) were independent variables associated with the MVI of cHCC-CCA. After hepatectomy, patients with MVI of cHCC-CCA showed earlier recurrence than those without MVI (hazard ratio [HR], 0.402; 95% CI, 0.189–0.854, p = 0.013).

Conclusion

A higher serum AFP level and irregular arterial peritumoral enhancement are potential predictive biomarkers for the MVI of cHCC-CCA, while intratumoral fat detected on MRI suggests a low risk of MVI. Furthermore, cHCC-CCAs with MVI may have worse surgical outcomes with regard to early recurrence than those without MVI.

Key Points

• Higher serum levels of AFP combined with irregular arterial peritumoral enhancement are independent risk factors for the MVI of cHCC-CCA, while fat deposition might be a protective factor.
• cHCC-CCA with MVI may have a higher risk of early recurrence after surgery.
• Most cHCC-CCAs were categorized as LR-M in this study, and no significant difference was found in MVI based on LI-RADS category.

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Literatur
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