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03.01.2019 | Original Article – Cancer Research | Ausgabe 4/2019

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 4/2019

Computer-assisted medical image classification for early diagnosis of oral cancer employing deep learning algorithm

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 4/2019
Autoren:
Pandia Rajan Jeyaraj, Edward Rajan Samuel Nadar

Abstract

Purpose

Oral cancer is a complex wide spread cancer, which has high severity. Using advanced technology and deep learning algorithm early detection and classification are made possible. Medical imaging technique, computer-aided diagnosis and detection can make potential changes in cancer treatment. In this research work, we have developed a deep learning algorithm for automated, computer-aided oral cancer detecting system by investigating patient hyperspectral images.

Methods

To validate the proposed regression-based partitioned deep learning algorithm, we compare the performance with other techniques by its classification accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity. For the accurate medical image classification objective, we demonstrate a new structure of partitioned deep Convolution Neural Network (CNN) with two partitioned layers for labeling and classify by labeling region of interest in multidimensional hyperspectral image.

Results

The performance of the partitioned deep CNN was verified by classification accuracy. We have obtained classification accuracy of 91.4% with sensitivity 0.94 and a specificity of 0.91 for 100 image data sets training for task classification of cancerous tumor with benign and for task classification of cancerous tumor with normal tissue accuracy of 94.5% for 500 training patterns was obtained.

Conclusions

We compared the obtained results from another traditional medical image classification algorithm. From the obtained result, we identify that the quality of diagnosis is increased by proposed regression-based partitioned CNN learning algorithm for a complex medical image of oral cancer diagnosis.

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