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26.10.2017 | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 1/2018

Contemporary use of P2Y12 inhibitors in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction referred to primary percutaneous coronary interventions in Poland: Data from ORPKI national registry

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Tomasz Rakowski, Zbigniew Siudak, Artur Dziewierz, Krzysztof Plens, Paweł Kleczyński, Dariusz Dudek

Abstract

According to guidelines, it is recommended to give P2Y12 inhibitors (preferably ticagrelor or prasugrel) at the time of first medical contact in patients with STEMI. However, in real life antiplatelet treatment strategies are different among countries. We analyzed data on antiplatelet treatment in STEMI patients included into Polish ORPKI national registry. A total of 23,139 STEMI patients from 153 invasive cardiology centers were reported in ORPKI registry between September 2015 and August 2016. Finally 19,437 patients from 122 centers (immediate PCI in 94%) were included into the analysis (lack of ticagrelor or prasugrel usage reported in 31 centers). The dominant P2Y12 inhibitor was clopidogrel (69%) with a high rate of precathlab administration (51.3%). Ticagrelor was administered in 10.1% of patients (2.3% during precathlab phase) and prasugrel in 1.1% (0.4% precathlab). The periprocedural switch from clopidogrel to newer generation oral P2Y12 inhibitors was rare (to ticagrelor: 2%; to prasugrel: 0.15%). Analysis of data from top 10 centers with the highest rate of newer generation P2Y12 inhibitors usage (1295 patients) revealed ticagrelor administration in 43.1% (prasugrel in 3%). During precathlab phase higher proportion of ticagrelor instead of clopidogrel (ticagrelor 17.9%, clopidogrel 29.8%) and higher rate of periprocedural switch from clopidogrel to ticagrelor (11.9%) was found comparing to all centers data (p < 0.001 for all). The strategy of precathlab administration of P2Y12 inhibitors applies to about half of STEMI patients in Poland. Generally, ticagrelor or prasugrel use is low, and not equally distributed among centers. In centers with high usage, ticagrelor is main newer generation P2Y12 inhibitor for precathlab and periprocedural administration.

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