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21.06.2017 | Original Article • WRIST - FRACTURE | Ausgabe 8/2017

European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 8/2017

Does socioeconomic status influence the epidemiology and outcome of distal radial fractures in adults?

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology > Ausgabe 8/2017
Autoren:
N. D. Clement, A. D. Duckworth, N. R. Wickramasinghe, C. M. Court-Brown, M. M. McQueen

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study in adult patients with a distal radial fracture was to determine whether socioeconomic status influenced the epidemiology, mechanism of injury, fracture severity, or the outcome according to function, radiographic assessment, and rate of associated complications.

Methods

We identified 3983 distal radial fractures over a 7-year period. Socioeconomic status was assigned using the Carstairs score, and the population was divided into quintiles depending on deprivation. Patient demographics, mechanism of injury, fracture severity, and radiographic assessment at time of injury were assessed for epidemiological differences according to social quintile. Functional outcome was assessed using grip strength, Moberg pickup test, return to normal use of the hand, and range of movement. Radiographs were assessed at 1 week, 6 weeks, and 1 year. Complications were defined as malunion, carpal tunnel syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), persistent pain, and subjective cosmetic deformity of the wrist.

Results

Socioeconomically deprived patients were significantly younger (p < 0.001) and more likely to be male (p = 0.017); after adjusting for confounding factors, deprived patients were 3.1 (95% CI 1.4–4.7) years younger than the most affluent patients (p < 0.001). Deprived patients were more likely to sustain their fracture by a high-energy mechanism (p = 0.004). There were no significant differences between quintiles in outcome. There was a significantly greater prevalence of CRPS in more affluent patients (p = 0.004).

Conclusions

Socioeconomically deprived patients sustaining a distal radial fracture are more likely to be younger and male. Outcome is not influenced by socioeconomic status, but the prevalence of CRPS is greater in more affluent patients.

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