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19.09.2019 | Original Article Open Access

Evolution of high-energy pelvic trauma in southern Finland: a 12-year experience from a tertiary trauma centre

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Autoren:
Juhana Toimela, Tuomas Brinck, Lauri Handolin

Abstract

Purpose

We compared incidence, demographics, and injury mechanisms in severely injured patients with and without a pelvic ring fracture treated at a tertiary trauma centre. We also analyzed the changes in injury mechanisms that lead to high-energy pelvic trauma.

Methods

Data on severely injured adult patients (New Injury Severity Score [NISS] ≥16) from Helsinki Trauma Registry over the years 2006–2017 were reviewed. Patients with a pelvic ring fracture (PRF) and those without (N-PRF) were analyzed. Further subgrouping regarding time of the accident (2006–2009, 2010–2013, 2014–2017) was made. A comparison between groups was performed according to age, age > 60, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, injury scoring and mechanism, and 30-day in-hospital mortality.

Results

We included 545 PRF and 1048 N-PRF patients. Pelvic ring fracture patients were more likely to be female (39% vs 22%, p < 0.001), to be more severely injured (NISS 35.2 vs 30.4, p < 0.001), injured due to a high fall (41% vs 25%, p < 0.001), to have self-inflicted injuries (23% vs 8%, p < 0.001), and to have higher 30-day in-hospital mortality (13% vs 9%, p = 0.005). During the study period, we noted increasing mean age and proportion of patients aged > 60, improvement in outcome (shown by decreasing 30-day in-hospital mortality rate) in both groups, and a decrease in motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) leading to pelvic trauma (30–16%).

Conclusions

High-energy pelvic trauma can no longer be characterized as traffic accident injuries among young men. MVAs leading to pelvic trauma are decreasing and the most common injury mechanism is high fall. The patients are older and often female. Every fourth high-energy pelvic trauma was due to attempted suicide.

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