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11.10.2016 | Original Scientific Report | Ausgabe 3/2017

World Journal of Surgery 3/2017

Feasibility of Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision with Extended Lateral Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection for Advanced Lower Rectal Cancer after Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Atsushi Ogura, Takashi Akiyoshi, Toshiya Nagasaki, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yoshiya Fujimoto, Satoshi Nagayama, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
Wichtige Hinweise
Atsushi Ogura and Takashi Akiyoshi contributed equally to this study.

Abstract

Background

The feasibility of additional lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLND) compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) alone in patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is controversial, especially in laparoscopic surgery. This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of adding laparoscopic LPLND to TME in patients with advanced lower rectal cancer and swollen LPLNs treated with preoperative CRT.

Methods

We reviewed 327 patients with lower rectal cancer without distant metastasis who underwent preoperative CRT followed by laparoscopic TME. Laparoscopic LPLND was added in patients with swollen LPLNs before CRT. Outcomes were compared between patients with (n = 107) and without (n = 220) LPLND.

Results

LPLN metastasis was found in 26 patients (24.3 %) in the LPLND group. The operation time was significantly longer, and total blood loss was significantly greater in the LPLND than TME group (461 vs. 298 min and 115 vs. 30 mL, respectively; P < 0.0001). The major complication rate was similar in the LPLND and TME groups (9.3 vs. 5.5 %, respectively; P = 0.188), and there were no conversions to open surgery. The LPLND and TME groups also showed a similar 3-year relapse-free survival rate (84.7 vs. 82.0 %, respectively; P = 0.536) and local recurrence rate (3.2 vs. 5.2 %, respectively; P = 0.569) despite significantly more patients with pathological lymph node metastasis in the LPLND than TME group (37.4 vs. 22.3 %, respectively; P < 0.0001).

Conclusions

Additional laparoscopic LPLND is feasible in patients with advanced lower rectal cancer and clinically swollen LPLNs treated with preoperative CRT, with no significant increase in major complications compared with TME alone.

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