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11.06.2019 | Original Article

General health and self-efficacy for health practices of pregnant women: is it important for motherhood?

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Public Health
Autoren:
Shirin Ghasemi, Masoud Rayyani, Jamileh Farokhzadian
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between general health and self-efficacy for health practices of pregnant women.

Subjects and methods

In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a two-stage cluster-sampling method was applied and 300 pregnant women were selected from 15 health centers affiliated with a large medical university in the southeast of Iran. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), and the Self Rated Abilities for Health Practices Scale (SRAHPS).

Results

The pregnant women’s total mean score for the GHQ-28 was 28.65 ± 10.92, which showed slight general health disorders. The total mean score of participants’ self-efficacy for health practices was moderate (54.47 ± 18.40). A significant relationship was observed between general health and self-efficacy for health practices (r = − 0.35, p = 0.01).

Conclusions

Pregnant women had slight general health disorders and moderate self-efficacy for health practices. According to the findings, increasing general health status of pregnant women improved their self-efficacy for health practices. Therefore, general health-promoting interventions are recommended to improve self-efficacy for health practices of pregnant women.

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