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01.12.2018 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2018

Health-related quality of life among healthy elderly Iranians: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature

Zeitschrift:
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Sogand Tourani, Masoud Behzadifar, Mariano Martini, Aidin Aryankhesal, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Morteza Salemi, Meysam Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12955-018-0845-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in elderly people can provide appropriate information for an optimal management of physical/mental conditions. The main objective of the present study was to quantitatively assess the HRQoL among healthy elder Iranian individuals as measured by the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, both overall and at the level of each its single component/domain.

Methods

This study was designed as a systematic review and meta-analysis, following the "Preferred Reporting Results of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines. Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and Iranian databases such as MagIran, SID and Irandoc were mined from inception up to 1st September 2017. Also the grey literature (via Google Scholar) was mined. Two reviewers independently screened titles/abstracts, assessed full-text articles, extracted data, and appraised their quality using the "Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology" (STROBE) checklist.

Results

Twenty five studies were included. Mean overall HRQoL was 54.92 [95%CI 51.50–58.33], lower than the value found by studies done in other countries, especially in those economically developed. The sensitivity analysis indicated stability and reliability of results. Pooled scores of each HRQoL domain/sub-scale of the SF-36 questionnaire ranged from 49.77 (physical role functioning) to 63.02 (social role functioning).

Conclusions

HRQoL among healthy elder Iranian individuals is generally low. Health policy-makers should put HRQoL among the elderly as a priority of their agenda, implementing ad hoc programs and providing social, economic and psychological support, as well as increasing the participation of old people in the community life and use their experiences.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Pooled scores of each health-related quality of life domain/sub-scale assessed with the Short-Form 36 questionnaire. (DOCX 99 kb)
12955_2018_845_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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