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15.12.2016 | Substantive Review | Ausgabe 10/2017

AIDS and Behavior 10/2017

Identifying Resilience Resources for HIV Prevention Among Sexual Minority Men: A Systematic Review

Zeitschrift:
AIDS and Behavior > Ausgabe 10/2017
Autoren:
Eva N. Woodward, Regina J. Banks, Amy K. Marks, David W. Pantalone
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10461-016-1608-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Most HIV prevention for sexual minority men and men who have sex with men targets risk behaviors (e.g., condom use) and helps <50% of participants. Bolstering resilience might increase HIV prevention’s effectiveness. This systematic review identified resilience resources (protective factors) in high-risk, HIV-negative, sexual minority men. We reviewed PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, MEDLINE, references, and Listservs for studies including sexual minority men with 1+ HIV risk factor (syndemics): childhood sexual abuse, partner abuse, substance abuse, or mental health symptoms. From 1356 articles screened, 20 articles met inclusion criteria. Across the articles, we identified and codified 31 resilience resources: socioeconomic (e.g., employment), behavioral coping strategies (e.g., mental health treatment), cognitions/emotions (e.g., acceptance), and relationships. Resilience resources were generally associated with lower HIV risk; there were 18 low-risk associations, 4 high-risk associations, 8 non-significant associations). We generated a set of empirically based resilience variables and a hypothesis to be evaluated further to improve HIV prevention.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 161 kb)
10461_2016_1608_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 23 kb)
10461_2016_1608_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 3 (DOC 66 kb)
10461_2016_1608_MOESM3_ESM.doc
Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 24 kb)
10461_2016_1608_MOESM4_ESM.docx
Literatur
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