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31.07.2018 Open Access

Implementing Targeted Sampling: Lessons Learned from Recruiting Female Sex Workers in Baltimore, MD

Journal of Urban Health
Sean T. Allen, Katherine H. A. Footer, Noya Galai, Ju Nyeong Park, Bradley Silberzahn, Susan G. Sherman


Globally, HIV prevention interventions have proven efficacious among street-based female sex workers (FSWs); yet, there is a dearth of US-based HIV prevention research among this group. The lack of research among FSWs in the USA is partially driven by challenges in recruiting members of this population. The purpose of this research is to describe how targeted sampling was employed to recruit a cohort of street-based FSWs for a study that examined the role of police in shaping the HIV risk environments of street-based FSWs in Baltimore, MD. Our research demonstrates that targeted sampling can be an advantageous strategy for recruiting hidden populations that are mobile and geographically dispersed.

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