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27.02.2019 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 7/2019

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 7/2019

Interactive role of diastolic dysfunction and ventricular remodeling in asymptomatic subjects at increased risk of heart failure

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 7/2019
Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Salvatore La Carrubba, Lorenzo Conte, Paolo Colonna, Pio Caso, Frank Benedetto, Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Rodolfo Citro, Frank Lloyd Dini, Scipione Carerj, Vitantonio Di Bello, Italian Society of Echocardiography and Cardiovascular Imaging (SIECVI)
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10554-019-01560-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Iacopo Fabiani and Nicola Riccardo Pugliese have contributed equally to this work and are joint first authors.
Deceased: Vitantonio Di Bello.

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Diastolic dysfunction (DD) and left ventricular remodeling (LVR) characterize patients at risk for heart failure (HF). To assess the prognostic impact of different diastolic function algorithms and a complex LVR classification (CRC) in asymptomatic subjects with preserved ejection fraction (EF) at risk for HF. We analyzed 1923 asymptomatic patients (male 43%; age 57, 33–76 years) with at least one cardiovascular risk factor and preserved (> 50%) EF. We used three algorithms for LV diastolic function assessment (Paulus et al. in Eur Heart J 28(20):2539–2550, 2007; Nagueh et al. in J Am Soc Echocardiogr 22(2):107–133, 2009, Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 17(12):1321–1360, 2016), and two algorithms for LVR (classic and CRC). We considered a composite end-point: cardiac death and hospitalization for HF. The highest presence of DD was diagnosed by Nagueh 2009 (211, 11%), while the prevalence according to Nagueh 2016 (63 patients, 3.2%) turned out to be the lowest (p < 0.001 vs the other algorithms). According to CRC, 780 (48.6%) patients had normal or physiologic hypertrophy, 298 (15.5%) concentric remodeling, 85 (4.4%) eccentric remodeling, 294 (15.3%) concentric hypertrophy, 39 (2%) mixed hypertrophy, 80 (4.1%) dilated hypertrophy, 73 (3.7%) eccentric hypertrophy and 294 (15.3%) were unclassifiable. After 39-month follow-up (261 events, 13.6%), Cox-regression (adjusted for age, gender, history of stable ischemic heart disease, classic remodeling classification) identified CRC (p = 0.01) and Nagueh 2016 (p < 0.001) as independent predictors of end-point. The coexistence of an adverse LVR by CRC and DD by Nagueh 2016 was associated with the worst prognosis. A concurrent structural (CRC) and functional (Nagueh Op. Cit) analysis improves prognostic stratification in asymptomatic subjects at risk for HF with preserved EF.

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