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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Patient Safety in Surgery 1/2018

Intraoperative real-time fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green for evaluation of intestinal viability during surgery for an incarcerated obturator hernia: a case report

Patient Safety in Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2018
Dimitra Daskalopoulou, Joseph Kankam, Jens Plambeck, Peter C. Ambe, Konstantinos Zarras



Bowel incarceration represents a dreaded complication amongst patients with hernias. The intraoperative evaluation of the bowel perfusion following hernia reduction with regard to the need for resection of ischaemic bowel can be challenging. In this case report we discuss intraoperative fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green (ICG) as an objective means of accessing bowel perfusion following hernia reduction.

Case presentation

The case of a 92-year-old, caucasian, female patient presenting with symptoms of small bowel obstruction secondary to an incarcerated left sided obturator hernia is presented. An incarcerated segment of the small bowel was reduced during emergency laparoscopy. Intraoperative ICG fluorescence angiography revealed ischaemic changes in the normal appearing bowel, so that the involved segment was resected. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home safely on postoperative day seven.


Intraoperative ICG fluorescence angiography provides an objective method of judging bowel perfusion and therefore represents a useful tool for assessing intestinal perfusion in patients with incarcerated hernia.
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