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04.10.2018 | Original Research | Ausgabe 6/2018 Open Access

Diabetes Therapy 6/2018

Investigating the Reliability of HbA1c Monitoring for Blood Glucose Control During Late Pregnancy in Patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) with and without β-Thalassemia Minor

Zeitschrift:
Diabetes Therapy > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Xueqin Zhang, Yunshan Xiao, Yanfeng Fan
Wichtige Hinweise
Xueqin Zhang, Yunshan Xiao, and Yanfeng Fan contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.

Enhanced Digital Features

To view enhanced digital features for this article go to https://​doi.​org/​10.​6084/​m9.​figshare.​7093793.

Abstract

Introduction

Patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) need strict blood glucose control to reduce the incidence of perinatal complications in the mother or infant. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values of GDM patients were affected by β-thalassemia minor and to subsequently discuss the limitations of HbA1c monitoring for blood glucose control.

Methods

41 GDM patients with β-thalassemia minor were enrolled to serve as the study group. 93 GDM patients without thalassemia were randomly selected as a control group. Clinical data on the 134 mothers as well as their newborns were retrospectively analyzed. The blood glucose values of the participants at various times during the gestation period were compared between the groups, as were their HbA1c and ferritin levels and iron deficiency rates in late pregnancy (36–38 weeks of gestation). Pearson’s coefficient was calculated to determine the correlations between HbA1c and ferritin in both the study and control groups.

Results

The study and control groups did not show any significant differences in newborn birth weight, maternal age, maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational age, newborn sex, gravidity, and parity. The blood glucose values of the participants at different times during the gestation period also did not differ significantly between the study group and the control group. However, the late-pregnancy HbA1c level (5.23 ± 0.49%) and iron deficiency rate (12.19%) in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group (5.42 ± 0.43% and 58.06%, respectively); P  < 0.05. Also, the late-pregnancy ferritin level in the study group (46.59 ± 18.03 ng/mL) was significantly higher than that in the control group (25.58 ± 11.42 ng/mL); P  < 0.05. In addition, a significant negative correlation was observed between HbA1c and ferritin in both the study group (R = − 0.459, P = 0.003) and the control group (R = − 0.358, P = 0.010).

Conclusions

The HbA1c level is affected by many factors. Using serum HbA1c values to monitor blood glucose in GDM patients with β-thalassemia minor may lead to a mistaken assumption of low blood glucose levels, so HbA1c may not be a suitable indicator for monitoring blood glucose in pregnant women, particularly GDM patients with β-thalassemia minor.
Literatur
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