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01.12.2016 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 1/2016

Investigation of MMP-1 genetic polymorphisms and protein expression and their effects on the risk of Kashin-Beck disease in the northwest Chinese Han population

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research > Ausgabe 1/2016
Xiaowei Shi, Aili Lv, Jing Ma, Feng Zhang, Yan Wen, Zengtie Zhang, Xiong Guo



The etiology of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), an endemic osteochondropathy, is largely unknown. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plays a central role in the initiation and progression of cartilage destruction; however, no study has reported on the relationship between KBD and MMP-1. This study was to investigate the role of MMP-1 in the pathogenesis and progression of KBD.


Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was conducted for 274 KBD cases and 248 healthy controls using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. Additionally, the expression of MMP-1 in the knee articular cartilage of 22 KBD patients and 21 controls was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, and the concentration of MMP-1 in their joint fluid was also measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).


The results showed that two SNPs (rs470221 and rs1144396) had a weak association with increased KBD risk; however, the significance of these results did not survive Bonferroni’s correction. Moreover, the percentages of cells expressing MMP-1 in each layer of cartilage were significantly higher in the KBD group than in the controls (F = 11.41–28.31, P = 0.002–0.000). The concentration of MMP-1 in KBD joint fluid was significantly higher than that in the controls (t = 9.83, P < 0.0001).


The increased expression of MMP-1 has a potential effect on the risk of KBD in the northwest Chinese Han population. However, six selected SNPs in the MMP-1 gene might not be useful as significant markers for predicting KBD susceptibility in Chinese Han population. Therefore, future studies in the association of MMP-1 with KBD should focus on other candidate SNPs.
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