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13.07.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2019

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 11/2019

Is Expanded Newborn Screening Adequate to Detect Indian Biochemical Low Excretor Phenotype Patients of Glutaric Aciduria Type I?

Zeitschrift:
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics > Ausgabe 11/2019
Autoren:
Muntaj Shaik, Kruthika-Vinod T. P., Mahesh Kamate, Vedamurthy A. B.
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Abstract

Objective

To investigate if expanded newborn screening using tandem mass spectroscopy (TMS) is adequate to detect low excretor phenotype in Indian Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) patients.

Methods

Ten GA-I patients were investigated for blood glutaryl carnitine (C5DC) levels on dried blood spot (DBS) by tandem mass spectroscopy and urine glutaric acid (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutaric acid (3-OH-GA) by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The student’s T test and Pearson’s correlation were applied to draw a relationship between various biochemical parameters. Further confirmation of low excretors by DNA mutation analysis in the glutaryl CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction and Sangers sequencing.

Results

Among 10 GA-I patients, 7 patients were found to have high excretor, and 3 were found to have low excretor phenotype. The low excretors were found to have GCDH gene mutations. The mean C5DC levels in high and low excretors were 2.61 ± 2.02 μmol/L and 2.31 ± 1.00 μmol/L, respectively. In high excretors, C5DC levels correlated with GA (r = 0.95). In low excretors, C5DC levels correlated with 3-OH-GA (r = 0.99). No significant difference was found between C5DC levels of high and low excretors (p = 0.82).

Conclusions

The MS/MS, C5DC screening is a sensitive technique and detected 10 GA-I patients. Irrespective of the urine organic acid levels, Indian GA-I patients including low excretors seem to have a significantly elevated C5DC level and well above the stipulated cut-off values and therefore, expanded newborn screening is probably adequate to diagnose them.

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