Skip to main content

European Radiology OnlineFirst articles

22.04.2024 | Commentary

From text to texture: a glossary transforms the pulmonary nodule paradigm

verfasst von:
Daria Kifjak, Bilal El Kaddouri, Seyedeh Panid Madani, Constance de Margerie-Mellon, Benedikt H. Heidinger

22.04.2024 | Commentary

Striking the balance: optimisation of diagnostic quality and radiation safety in chest CT imaging

verfasst von:
Francis Zarb

Open Access 22.04.2024 | Paediatric

Clinical implications of primary “occult” vesicoureteral reflux in male children

The gold standard for diagnosing vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). This imaging technique allows an accurate VUR grading and detection of urethral abnormalities in male patients [ 1 ]. However, VCUG exposes children …

verfasst von:
Stefano Guarino, Anna Di Sessa, Giulio Rivetti, Giusy Capasso, Roberta Schiano di Cola, Antonietta Rimoli, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Pierluigi Marzuillo

20.04.2024 | Commentary

Early health technology assessment: the value of valuing AI applications

verfasst von:
Robin Jeanna Vermeulen, Tim Martin Govers, Kicky Gerhilde van Leeuwen

Open Access 19.04.2024 | Breast

Re-attendance in supplemental breast MRI screening rounds of the DENSE trial for women with extremely dense breasts

Women with dense breasts have an increased risk of breast cancer compared to women who have more fatty breasts [ 1 ]. Moreover, the sensitivity of mammography is lower among women with dense breasts due to the masking effect of the dense breast …

verfasst von:
Stefanie G. A. Veenhuizen, Sophie E. L. van Grinsven, Isabelle L. Laseur, Marije F. Bakker, Evelyn M. Monninkhof, Stéphanie V. de Lange, Ruud M. Pijnappel, Ritse M. Mann, Marc B. I. Lobbes, Katya M. Duvivier, Mathijn D. F. de Jong, Claudette E. Loo, Nico Karssemeijer, Paul J. van Diest, Wouter B. Veldhuis, Carla H. van Gils, DENSE Trial Study Group

19.04.2024 | Review

Quantitative MR imaging biomarkers for distinguishing inflammatory pancreatic mass and pancreatic cancer—a systematic review and meta-analysis

Inflammatory pancreatic masses (IPM) primarily encompass mass-forming pancreatitis (MFP) and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). The imaging appearance of both tumors mimics pancreatic cancer (PC) [ 1 , 2 ]. However, PC is a highly fatal disease and …

verfasst von:
Zi-he Wang, Liang Zhu, Hua-dan Xue, Zheng-yu Jin

19.04.2024 | Radiological Education

Formal wellness training of academic radiology leaders improves work-life conflict

Within the context of workplace-related stress, burnout is characterized by three dimensions—feelings of exhaustion, increased cynicism related to one’s job and a sense of lack of accomplishment [ 1 ]. Studies have consistently reported a high …

verfasst von:
Jay R. Parikh, Katelyn J. Cavanaugh

18.04.2024 | Chest

Diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism: when photon-counting-detector CT replaces energy-integrating-detector CT in daily routine

Accurate and timely diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) is crucial for appropriate treatment and ultimately for improvement of the patient’s outcome. Multi-detector computed tomography has demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy in diagnosing PE …

verfasst von:
Martine Remy-Jardin, Idir Oufriche, Lucas Guiffault, Alain Duhamel, Thomas Flohr, Bernhard Schmidt, Jacques Remy

Open Access 18.04.2024 | Urogenital

Radiomics and machine learning for renal tumor subtype assessment using multiphase computed tomography in a multicenter setting

In 2023, cancer of the kidneys and renal pelvis is estimated to account for 5% and 3% of incident cancer cases in men and women in the United States, respectively, most of which are renal cell carcinomas (RCC) [ 1 ]. A broader clinical utilization …

verfasst von:
Annemarie Uhlig, Johannes Uhlig, Andreas Leha, Lorenz Biggemann, Sophie Bachanek, Michael Stöckle, Mathias Reichert, Joachim Lotz, Philip Zeuschner, Alexander Maßmann

Open Access 18.04.2024 | Musculoskeletal

Artificial intelligence for automated detection and measurements of carpal instability signs on conventional radiographs

Carpal instability exists when the carpal bones cannot maintain their normal alignment under physiologic loads and movements [ 1 ]. Most forms of carpal instability are caused by acute trauma, such as ligament ruptures and displaced fractures.

verfasst von:
Nils Hendrix, Ward Hendrix, Bas Maresch, Job van Amersfoort, Tineke Oosterveld-Bonsma, Stephanie Kolderman, Myrthe Vestering, Stephanie Zielinski, Karlijn Rutten, Jan Dammeier, Lee-Ling Sharon Ong, Bram van Ginneken, Matthieu Rutten

18.04.2024 | Oncology

Clinical impact of whole-body MRI in staging and surveillance of patients with myxoid liposarcoma: a 14-year single-centre retrospective study

Liposarcomas constitute 17–25% of all soft tissue sarcomas (STS) [ 1 ], and myxoid liposarcomas (MLS) represent the second most common type of liposarcomas [ 2 ]. However, unlike liposarcomas, MLS demonstrates an unusual predilection for …

verfasst von:
Samir Paruthikunnan, Natalia Gorelik, Robert E. Turcotte, Sungmi Jung, Thierry Alcindor, Thomas I. Powell

18.04.2024 | Magnetic Resonance

Association between programmed cell death ligand-1 expression in patients with cervical cancer and apparent diffusion coefficient values: a promising tool for patient´s immunotherapy selection

Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide [ 1 ]. Although the majority of CC patients can achieve favorable prognoses after appropriate treatment, some patients develop recurrence or metastasis [ 2 …,

verfasst von:
Kaihui Liu, Wei Yang, Haiping Tian, Yunxia Li, Jianli He

18.04.2024 | Commentary

“Pushing the Envelope”: advanced imaging-data-analysis meets NODDI to differentiate glioblastoma and brain metastasis

verfasst von:
Pablo Naval-Baudin, Albert Pons-Escoda

Open Access 16.04.2024 | Nuclear Medicine

Diagnostic performance of [68Ga]DOTATATE PET/CT, [18F]FDG PET/CT, MRI of the spine, and whole-body diagnostic CT and MRI in the detection of spinal bone metastases associated with pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma

Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare catecholamine-producing neuroendocrine tumors that cause life-threatening complications [ 1 – 3 ]. Bone metastases are frequently observed in patients with solid tumors and are observed in up to …

verfasst von:
Abhishek Jha, Mayank Patel, Alexander Ling, Ritu Shah, Clara C. Chen, Corina Millo, Matthew A. Nazari, Ninet Sinaii, Kailah Charles, Mickey J. M. Kuo, Tamara Prodanov, Babak Saboury, Sara Talvacchio, Alberta Derkyi, Jaydira Del Rivero, Geraldine O’Sullivan Coyne, Alice P. Chen, Naris Nilubol, Peter Herscovitch, Frank I. Lin, David Taieb, A. Cahid Civelek, Jorge A. Carrasquillo, Karel Pacak

Open Access 16.04.2024 | Neuro

Association of clinical outcome and imaging endpoints in extensive ischemic stroke—comparing measures of cerebral edema

Besides necrosis of brain parenchyma, the development of ischemic edema is the second major pathophysiological hallmark of ischemic stroke [ 1 , 2 ]. Particular attention in the context of ischemic edema is paid to patients with large hemispheric …

verfasst von:
Vincent Geest, Paul Steffen, Laurens Winkelmeier, Tobias D. Faizy, Christian Heitkamp, Helge Kniep, Lukas Meyer, Kamil Zelenak, Thomalla Götz, Jens Fiehler, Gabriel Broocks

Open Access 16.04.2024 | Interventional

Outcome of bleomycin electrosclerotherapy of slow-flow malformations in adults and children

According to the classification of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) [ 1 ], vascular malformations are divided into slow-flow and fast-flow lesions, related to the underlying flow pattern, which influences both …

verfasst von:
Vanessa F. Schmidt, Özlem Cangir, Lutz Meyer, Constantin Goldann, Susanne Hengst, Richard Brill, Susanne von der Heydt, Milton Waner, Daniel Puhr-Westerheide, Osman Öcal, Muzaffer Reha Ümütlü, Nabeel Mansour, Jan Rudolph, Alena Sint, Florian Obereisenbuchner, Beate Häberle, Jens Ricke, Max Seidensticker, Walter A. Wohlgemuth, Moritz Wildgruber

16.04.2024 | Commentary

Scanxiety: potential lessons for personalized radiology

verfasst von:
José María García Santos, Juana María Plasencia Martínez

Open Access 16.04.2024 | Imaging Informatics and Artificial Intelligence

The virtual reference radiologist: comprehensive AI assistance for clinical image reading and interpretation

Large language models (LLMs) are steadily advancing in various sectors, including healthcare. As the first mainstream dialogue-based artificial intelligence (AI) model, chatGPT has gained immense popularity [ 1 ]. Even though prior LLMs, such as …

verfasst von:
Robert Siepmann, Marc Huppertz, Annika Rastkhiz, Matthias Reen, Eric Corban, Christian Schmidt, Stephan Wilke, Philipp Schad, Can Yüksel, Christiane Kuhl, Daniel Truhn, Sven Nebelung

16.04.2024 | Imaging Informatics and Artificial Intelligence

Medical image foundation models in assisting diagnosis of brain tumors: a pilot study

The non-invasive identification of diagnostic and prognostic characteristics associated with brain tumors holds paramount clinical significance in the context of treatment planning. Given that MRI currently serves as the mainstay of brain tumor …

verfasst von:
Mengyao Chen, Meng Zhang, Lijuan Yin, Lu Ma, Renxing Ding, Tao Zheng, Qiang Yue, Su Lui, Huaiqiang Sun

Open Access 16.04.2024 | Chest

Post-radiotherapy stage III/IV non-small cell lung cancer radiomics research: a systematic review and comparison of CLEAR and RQS frameworks

Lung cancer is the second most prevalent malignancy worldwide, with approximately 2.2 million newly diagnosed cases in 2020 [ 1 ], the majority of which are nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), comprising nearly 84% of cases [ 2 ]. NSCLC stage I and …

verfasst von:
Kevin Tran, Daniel Ginzburg, Wei Hong, Ulrike Attenberger, Hyun Soo Ko