Skip to main content
main-content

01.01.2012 | Ausgabe 1/2012

Surgical Endoscopy 1/2012

Laparoscopic transcystic exploration for single-stage management of common duct stones and acute cholecystitis

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 1/2012
Autoren:
Massimo Chiarugi, Christian Galatioto, Luigi Decanini, Adolfo Puglisi, Piero Lippolis, Chiara Bagnato, Sonia Panicucci, Marco Pelosini, Pietro Iacconi, Massimo Seccia
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented at the SAGES 2011 Annual Meeting, March 30–April 2, 2011, San Antonio, TX.

Abstract

Background

Common bile duct (CBD) stones are found in 10% of patients who undergo elective laparoscopic surgery for gallstone disease and in 10–20% of patients who present with acute cholecystitis (AC). For the latter, the role of laparoscopic transcystic exploration of the common duct (LTCE) as part of a single-stage procedure is still unknown.

Methods

This study, based on a “laparoscopy first” policy, included 201 subjects with cholecystocholedocholithiasis: 104 underwent a scheduled laparoscopic surgery (group A), and 97 where admitted for AC and had urgent laparoscopy (group B). Group B patients were significantly older (68.4 vs. 62.1 years; P = 0.0045), had a higher proportion of women (56% vs. 41%; P = 0.0345), and included more patients in the ASA III–IV class (39% vs. 21%; P = 0.0006). LTCE was performed by using basket-wired catheters. CBD clearance, operating time, conversion rate, morbidity and mortality, postoperative hospital stay, readmission, and residual CBD stones were the main outcome measures.

Results

Clearance of CBD was obtained in 84% of patients of group A and in 80% of patients of group B (P = not significant). Time spent in the operating room was longer for group B (175 vs. 141 min; P = 0.0003). There were no significant differences for postoperative hospital stay (group A 4.9 vs. group B 5.2 days), readmission rate (3.7% vs. 3.7%), and residual CBD stones (2.8% vs. 3.1%). Need to convert and morbidity occurred more frequently in group B (11.7% vs. 4.6% and 28.7% vs. 16.8%, respectively), but differences were not significant. In group A, one patient died from MOFS.

Conclusions

LTCE has proved to be a simple technique with a high yield of CBD clearance in the acute setting. Courses are comparable to those observed for the same procedure in elective surgery despite the fact that patients with AC are more at risk for drawbacks.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2012

Surgical Endoscopy 1/2012 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.


 

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise