Skip to main content
main-content

26.10.2016 | Thoracic Oncology | Ausgabe 4/2017

Annals of Surgical Oncology 4/2017

Long-Term Impact of Postoperative Complications on Cancer Recurrence Following Lung Cancer Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 4/2017
Autoren:
MD, PhD Takashi Nojiri, PhD Toshimitsu Hamasaki, MD, PhD Masayoshi Inoue, MD, PhD Yasushi Shintani, MD, PhD Yukiyasu Takeuchi, MD, PhD Hajime Maeda, MD, PhD Meinoshin Okumura

Abstract

Background

Postoperative complications are associated with poor cancer-specific survival in various types of cancer surgery. Recent studies suggest that systemic inflammation induced by surgical trauma can accelerate the adhesion of circulating tumor cells to the vascular endothelium of distant organs, resulting in early cancer recurrence. We investigated the impact of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications on cancer recurrence following lung cancer surgery.

Methods

From a prospective database of 675 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for lung cancer between 2007 and 2012, the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications, white blood cell counts, and C-reactive protein levels were evaluated in the acute phase after surgery. Four patients had both cardiovascular and respiratory complications. The remaining 671 patients were divided into 3 groups: patients without cardiopulmonary complications; those with cardiovascular complications; and those with respiratory complications. The incidence of cancer recurrence was compared among the three groups.

Results

Postoperative cardiovascular or respiratory complications were identified in 94 (14%) or 25 (4%) patients, respectively. Postoperative white blood cell counts and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in those with postoperative respiratory complications than in those without. There was a significantly higher incidence of cancer recurrence in those with postoperative respiratory complications than in those without (48.0 vs. 16.8%; p < 0.0001). Multiple regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, and pathological staging showed that the incidence of postoperative respiratory complications was a significant predictor of cancer recurrence.

Conclusions

The presence of respiratory complications following lung cancer surgery was a significant predictor of cancer recurrence.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2017

Annals of Surgical Oncology 4/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise