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01.12.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2014

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 6/2014

Mental Health and Migration: Depression, Alcohol Abuse, and Access to Health Care Among Migrants in Central Asia

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Leyla Ismayilova, Hae Nim Lee, Stacey Shaw, Nabila El-Bassel, Louisa Gilbert, Assel Terlikbayeva, Yelena Rozental

Abstract

One-fifth of Kazakhstan’s population is labor migrants working in poor conditions with limited legal rights. This paper examines self-rated health, mental health and access to health care among migrant workers. Using geo-mapping, a random sample of internal and external migrant market workers was selected in Almaty (N = 450). We used survey logistic regression adjusted for clustering of workers within stalls. Almost half of participants described their health as fair or poor and reported not seeing a doctor when needed, 6.2 % had clinical depression and 8.7 % met criteria for alcohol abuse. Female external migrants were at higher risk for poor health and underutilization of health services. High mobility was associated with depression among internal migrants and with alcohol abuse among female migrant workers. This study demonstrates the urgent need to address health and mental health needs and improve access to health care among labor migrants in Central Asia.

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