MYCN gene amplification is related to risk stratification. Therefore it is important to identify accurately the level of the MYCN gene as early as possible in neuroblastoma (NB); however, for patients with bone marrow (BM) metastasis who need chemotherapy before surgery, timely detection of the MYCN gene is not possible due to the unavailability of primary tumors.
MYCN gene status was evaluated in 81 BM metastases of NB by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of BM cells. The clinicobiological characteristics and prognostic impact of MYCN amplification in NB metastatic to BM were analyzed.
MYCN amplification was found in 16% of patients with metastases, and the results were consistent with the primary tumors detected by pathological tissue FISH. MYCN amplification was associated with age, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and prognosis (P = 0.038, P < 0.001, P = 0.026). Clinical outcome was poorer in patients with MYCN amplification than in those without amplification (3-year EFS 28.8 ± 13.1 vs. 69.7 ± 5.7%, P = 0.005; 3-year OS 41.5 ± 14.7 vs. 76.7 ± 5.5%, P = 0.005).
MYCN amplification predicts a poor outcome in NB metastatic to BM, and interphase FISH of bone marrow cells provides a timely direct and valid method to evaluate the MYCN gene status.
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- MYCN amplification predicts poor prognosis based on interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of bone marrow cells in bone marrow metastases of neuroblastoma
- BioMed Central
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