12.05.2020 | Hypoxia • Original Article
NOX4, MDA, IMA and oxidative DNA damage: can these parameters be used to estimate the presence and severity of OSA?
Selami Ekin, Hanifi Yildiz, Hamit Hakan Alp
Sleep and Breathing
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Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) involves recurrent obstructive apnoeas and hypopnoeas which cause cyclic hypoxia, reoxygenation and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We aimed to investigate a member of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) family of enzymes, specifically (NOX4), not previously studied in humans, as well as 8-OHdG/106dG, MDA and IMA, which are known to be associated with oxidative stress. We also evaluated these parameters in predicting the presence and severity of OSA.
All 120 subjects (90 with OSA, 30 healthy controls) underwent polysomnography and had blood serum samples taken at the same time of day. Subjects were grouped by presence and severity of OSA, and serum markers were compared among groups.
Age and body mass index were not significantly different among groups. In the OSA group, the levels of NOX4, IMA, MDA and 8-OHdG/106dG were significantly higher than in the healthy control group. NOX4 and other parameters were positively correlated with the severity of OSA. For all parameters, the highest levels were detected in patients with severe OSA.
The repeated hypoxia of OSA is associated with increases in the serum levels of inflammatory mediators such as MDA, IMA and 8-OHdG/106dG and the ROS NOX4. In this study, NOX4 and other markers were associated with the presence and severity of OSA.