The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-269) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
HvdB, RV, AE, BHGC, RT, MT and JH all participated in field visits and data collection. JH conceptualized the study. HvdB analysed and interpreted the data and drafted and revised the manuscript. JH, RV, BHGC, AE, RT and MT contributed to revising the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Analysis is lacking on the management of vector control systems in disease-endemic countries with respect to the efficiency and sustainability of operations.
Three locations were selected, at the scale of province, municipality and barangay (i.e. village). Data on disease incidence, programme activities, and programme management were collected on-site through meetings and focus group discussions.
Adaptation of disease control strategies to the epidemiological situation per barangay, through micro-stratification, brings gains in efficiency, but should be accompanied by further capacity building on local situational analysis for better selection and targeting of vector control interventions within the barangay. An integrated approach to vector control, aiming to improve the rational use of resources, was evident with a multi-disease strategy for detection and response, and by the use of combinations of vector control methods. Collaboration within the health sector was apparent from the involvement of barangay health workers, re-orientation of job descriptions and the creation of a disease surveillance unit. The engagement of barangay leaders and use of existing community structures helped mobilize local resources and voluntary services for vector control. In one location, local authorities and the community were involved in the planning, implementation and evaluation of malaria control, which triggered local programme ownership.
Strategies that contributed to an improved efficiency and sustainability of vector control operations were: micro-stratification, integration of vector control within the health sector, a multi-disease approach, involvement of local authorities, and empowerment of communities. Capacity building on situational analysis and vector surveillance should be addressed through national policy and guidelines.
Authors’ original file for figure 112936_2012_2152_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
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- Operational efficiency and sustainability of vector control of malaria and dengue: descriptive case studies from the Philippines
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