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01.12.2016 | Primary research | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2016

PADI2 gene confers susceptibility to breast cancer and plays tumorigenic role via ACSL4, BINC3 and CA9 signaling

Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2016
Huifeng Wang, Bing Xu, Xiaoqian Zhang, Yabing Zheng, Yan Zhao, Xiaotian Chang
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12935-016-0335-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) post-translationally converts arginine residues to citrulline residues. Recent studies have suggested that PADI2 (PAD isoform 2), a member of the PAD family, is involved in the tumorigenic process of some tumors, especially breast cancer. However, little is known about the mechanisms of PADI2 in tumorigenesis. This study aimed to elucidate the tumorigenic role and regulatory pathway of PADI2 in breast tumors.


The Sequenom MassARRAY and TaqMan genotyping methods were used to investigate the correlation between PADI2 gene SNPs and various tumor risks. PCR array analyses, including cancer pathway finder and signal transduction PCR arrays, were performed to investigate the tumorigenic pathway of PADI2 in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line following treatment with anti-PADI2 siRNA. Cell proliferation, apoptosis and transwell migration assays were performed to observe the effect of PADI2 in MCF-7 cells treated with anti-PADI2 siRNA.


Both Sequenom MassARRAY and TaqMan genotyping assays demonstrated that SNP rs10788656 in the PADI2 gene was significantly associated with breast cancer. PCR arrays indicated that inhibiting PADI2 expression significantly increased expression of CA9 and decreased expression of ACSL4 and BIRC3 in MCF-7 cells, which was verified using real-time PCR. Inhibiting PADI2 expression also significantly decreased the migration ability of MCF-7 cells but did not affect cell proliferation or apoptosis.


The PADI2 gene confers susceptibility to breast cancer. PADI2 expression contributes to abnormal migration of breast tumor cells. PADI2 affects tumorigenesis in breast tumor cells by regulating the expression of ACSL4, BINC3 and CA9, which are known to promote abnormal lipid metabolism and cell invasion of tumors.
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