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Palliative Care Models for Cancer Patients: Learning for Planning in Nursing (Review)

Journal of Cancer Education
Hadi Hassankhani, Azad Rahmani, Fariba Taleghani, Zohreh Sanaat, Javad Dehghannezhad
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Cancer is the second cause of mortality in the world. Increased incidence of cancer and its growing trend have drawn attention to care for these patients. Palliative care is a solution for improving the quality of cancer care. However, only 14% of cancer patients in the world are receiving palliative care and most nurses lack the adequate knowledge and education to implement different palliative care models for cancer patients. This review of the literature intended to identify the palliative care models used by nurses for cancer patients as well as the similarities and differences between these models. Databases such as PubMed, ProQuest, google scholar, and CINAHL were searched, and experimental studies that presented palliative care models for cancer patients that nurses were involved were selected. From a total of articles selected by searching the databases, 16 experimental articles were selected. These articles presented 12 palliative care models that involved nurses and participants were cancer patients. The palliative care models presented in the experimental articles were based on hospice, hospital, home care, ambulatory, community, pediatric, spirituality, early, family, telehealth, dignity, and integrated. It was found out that several palliative care nursing models for cancer patients can be employed by nurses as they are the key agents in the provision of palliative care. The collaborative nature of the models, their positive consequences for patients being common components of models, and the implementation of the models considering the disease trajectory were among their distinctions.

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