Skip to main content
main-content

10.02.2020

Phenotypes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: genetics, clinics, and modular imaging

Zeitschrift:
Heart Failure Reviews
Autoren:
Ioana Danuta Muresan, Lucia Agoston-Coldea
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common cardiovascular disease with genetic transmission, characterized by the hypertrophy of any segment of the left ventricle (LV), not totally explained by improper loading conditions, with LV systolic function preserved, increased, or reduced. The histopathological mechanism involved in HCM refers to the primary injury of the myocardium, as follows: disorganized array of myocytes, extracellular matrix modification, microvascular dysfunction, with subsequent appearance of myocardial fibrosis. Multiple sarcomere proteins mutations are responsible for HCM, but two of them are involved in 70% of the cases of HCM: β-myosin heavy chain (MYH7) and myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3). The development of new genetic techniques involving genome editing is promising to discover a gene therapy for patients with HCM. Clinical presentation may differ from asymptomatic to sudden cardiac death (SCD), the last one targeting younger adults. In this case, the diagnosis and evaluation of SCD risk factors is extremely important. The common method of diagnosis is transthoracic echocardiography, but cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging represents “gold standard” in the evaluation of HCM patients. Treatment includes pharmacological therapy, surgery, alcohol ablation, and not least SCD prevention.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise