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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Neurology 1/2018

Pleocytosis in a patient with relapsing polychondritis accompanied by meningoencephalitis: a case report

BMC Neurology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Jie Cao, Min Zhang



Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an uncommon immune-related disease with unknown causes. It is characterized by inflammation of cartilaginous or non-cartilaginous structures, such as the ears, nose, respiratory tract, eyes, and joints. Neurological involvement is rare in RP.

Case presentation

We report a case of pleocytosis in a 64-year-old man diagnosed as having RP with meningoencephalitis. The patient’s condition markedly improved following methylprednisolone treatment.


To our knowledge, this is the first report of recurrent pleocytosis in a patient with RP accompanied by meningoencephalitis. Steroid pulse therapy is effective in most cases, and early diagnosis is of importance.
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