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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Gastroenterology 1/2017

Prediction of posthepatectomy liver failure using transient elastography in patients with hepatitis B related hepatocellular carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
BMC Gastroenterology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Jie-wen Lei, Xiao-yu Ji, Jun-feng Hong, Wan-bin Li, Yan Chen, Yan Pan, Jia Guo
Wichtige Hinweise
Jie-wen Lei, Xiao-yu Ji and Jun-feng Hong contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background

It is essential to accurately predict Postoperative liver failure (PHLF) which is a life-threatening complication. Liver hardness measurement (LSM) is widely used in non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis. The aims of this study were to explore the application of preoperative liver stiffness measurements (LSM) by transient elastography in predicting postoperative liver failure (PHLF) in patients with hepatitis B related hepatocellular carcinoma.

Methods

The study included 247 consecutive patients with hepatitis B related hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy between May 2015 and September 2015. Detailed preoperative examinations including LSM were performed before hepatectomy. The endpoint was the development of PHLF.

Results

All of the patients had chronic hepatitis B defined as the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) for more than 6 months and 76 (30.8%) had cirrhosis. PHLF occurred in 37 (14.98%) patients. Preoperative LSM (odds ratio, OR, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 1.13–1.29; P < 0.001) and international normalized ratio (INR) (OR, 1.07; 95% CI: 1.01–1.12; P < 0.05) were revealed to be independent risk factors for PHLF, and a new model was defined as LSM-INR index (LSM-INR index = 0.191*LSM + 6.317*INR-11.154). The optimal cutoff values of LSM and LSM-INR index for predicting PHLF were 14 kPa (AUC 0.86, 95% CI: 0.811–0.901, P < 0.001) and −1.92 (AUC 0.87, 95% CI: 0.822–0.909, P < 0.001), respectively.

Conclusions

LSM can be helpful for surgeons to make therapeutic decisions in patients with hepatitis B related hepatocellular carcinoma.
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