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01.12.2019 | Primary research | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2019

Prognostic impact of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Ying Chen, Zongxin Zhang, Qiu Fang, Huiqin Jian
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

Recently, some studies reported the prognostic value of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), however, the results varied from different studies. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to explore the prognostic value of PLR in DLBCL.

Methods

A comprehensive literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang. Pooled hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to evaluate the association of PLR and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Odd ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for clinicopathological characteristics were statistically analyzed.

Results

Eight studies with 1931 patients were included for meta-analysis. The pooled analysis indicated that elevated PLR was significantly associated with poor OS (HR = 1.73, 95% CI 1.29–2.31, p < 0.001), but not PFS (HR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.57–1.27, p = 0.438). Furthermore, elevated PLR was significantly associated with presentation of B symptoms (OR = 2.27, 95% CI 1.29–3.98, p = 0.004), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (OR = 2.76, 95% CI 2.05–3.72, p < 0.001), higher tumor stage (OR = 2.22, 95% CI 1.66–2.98, p < 0.001), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≥ 2 (OR = 1.71, 95% CI 1.09–2.69, p = 0.019). However, elevated PLR was not significantly correlated with gender, age or cell of origin.

Conclusion

This meta-analysis revealed that PLR may be an effective and noninvasive biomarker for poor prognosis and aggressive disease characteristics for patients with DLBCL.
Literatur
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