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29.10.2018 | Original Investigation | Ausgabe 3/2019

Journal of Echocardiography 3/2019

Prognostic value of exercise stress echocardiography in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation: a long-term follow-up study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Echocardiography > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Tomomi Suzuki, Masaki Izumo, Kengo Suzuki, Dan Koto, Maya Tsukahara, Kanako Teramoto, Yukio Sato, Mika Watanabe, Kei Mizukoshi, Ryo Kamijima, Manabu Takai, Seisyou Kou, Tomoo Harada, Sachihiko Nobuoka, Yoshihiro J. Akashi

Abstract

Background

Secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) remains a challenging problem in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with heart failure. Although it is well known that secondary MR is dynamic, the impact of the severity of MR during exercise on long-term outcome has not been fully evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) in patients with secondary MR.

Methods

This prospective study included 118 consecutive patients with secondary MR and left ventricular dysfunction (mean ejection fraction at rest: 38 ± 14%) who underwent semi-supine ESE. Their major cardiovascular events (MACE) including cardiac death were followed up for a median of 41.7 (range: 6–128) months.

Results

MR significantly increased from rest to exercise (effective regurgitant orifice: 0.18 ± 0.09 vs. 0.25 ± 0.12 cm2, P < 0.001). The prevalence of severe MR was higher during exercise than those at rest (37% vs. 56%, P < 0.001). During follow-up, MACE occurred in 49 patients (41.5%) including 12 cardiac deaths. Cox proportional-hazard multivariate analysis revealed that older age and MR severity during exercise were significantly associated with increased risk of MACE (hazard ratio: 1.04 and 8.4, respectively, both P < 0.05).

Conclusions

ESE provides prognostic information in patients with secondary MR that is useful for predicting long-term outcome.

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