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01.01.2015 | Original Scientific Report | Ausgabe 1/2015

World Journal of Surgery 1/2015

Risk Factors and Preventive Measures for Acute Urinary Retention after Rectal Cancer Surgery

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Soo Young Lee, Sung-Bum Kang, Duck-Woo Kim, Heung-Kwon Oh, Myong Hoon Ihn

Abstract

Background

Although several risk factors for acute urinary retention after rectal cancer surgery have been proposed, few studies have enrolled a homogeneous group of patients without preoperative urinary dysfunction. We aimed to identify risk factors and preventive measures for acute urinary retention after rectal cancer surgery.

Methods

This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data from included patients who underwent rectal cancer surgery at a single center. Preoperative urinary function was evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). Clinical data were collected prospectively and analyzed to assess the risk factors for acute urinary retention, which was defined as the inability to self-void after removing the urinary catheter requiring catheterization or reinsertion of an indwelling catheter.

Results

Of 352 patients with mild preoperative IPSS (0–7), 48 (13.6 %) experienced acute urinary retention. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male sex (odds ratio [OR] 2.240, p = 0.039), laparoscopic operation (OR 2.421, p = 0.024), intraoperative intravenous fluid ≥2,000 mL (OR 3.794, p < 0.001), and urinary catheter removal on postoperative day 1 or 2 (OR 3.650, p = 0.017) were independent risk factors for acute urinary retention after rectal cancer surgery. Patients with two risk factors had a significantly higher risk of acute urinary retention than patients with none or one risk factor.

Conclusions

This study suggests the maintenance of a urinary catheter for a period longer than 2 days and intraoperative fluid restriction to prevent acute urinary retention after rectal cancer surgery.

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