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05.08.2019 | Hepatobiliary

Role of pelvic CT during surveillance of patients with resected biliary tract cancer

Zeitschrift:
Abdominal Radiology
Autoren:
Anum Aslam, Mishal Mendiratta-Lala, Nicole E. Curci, Valerie Gunchick, Katherine E. Hersberger, Ahmed Bilal, Isaac R. Francis, Vaibhav Sahai
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Abstract

Background

The aim of the study was to identify the frequency of isolated pelvic metastasis with the goal of determining the utility of pelvic CT as a surveillance strategy in patients with resected biliary tract cancer (BTC).

Methods

Study eligibility criteria included patients 18 years or older with BTC who underwent R0 or R1 surgical resection at University of Michigan between 2004 and 2018, with a minimum 6-month disease-free surveillance period. CT and MRI reports were independently graded by two radiologists as positive (organ metastasis, peritoneal carcinomatosis, or enlarged lymph nodes), equivocal (borderline lymph nodes or non-nodular ascites), or negative (absence of or benign findings) in the abdomen and pelvis separately. A 3rd blinded radiologist reviewed all positive and equivocal scans. Clinic notes were reviewed to identify new or worsening signs and symptoms that would warrant an earlier pelvic surveillance scan. A 95% binomial proportion confidence interval was used to find the probability of isolated pelvic metastasis.

Results

BTC were anatomically classified as extra-hepatic (distal and hilar) cholangiocarcinoma (38; 25%), intra-hepatic cholangiocarcinoma (57; 38%), and gallbladder cancer (56; 37%). 151 patients met eligibility criteria, of which 123 (81%) had no pelvic metastasis, 51 (34%) had localized upper abdominal metastasis, and 23 (15%) had concomitant abdominal and pelvic metastasis. Median follow-up time was 19.2 months. One (0%) subject with resected BTC (intra-hepatic) developed isolated osseous pelvic metastasis during surveillance (95% CI 0.004–0.1; p = 0.0003). 3 (2%) subjects developed isolated simple ascites (equivocal grade) without concurrent upper abdominal metastasis.

Conclusion

Isolated pelvic metastasis is a rare occurrence during surveillance in patients with resected BTCs, and therefore, follow-up pelvic CT in absence of specific symptoms may be unnecessary.

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