Skip to main content
main-content

28.04.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2016

Pathology & Oncology Research 4/2016

Study of Gefitinib and Pemetrexed as First-Line Treatment in Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring EGFR Mutation

Zeitschrift:
Pathology & Oncology Research > Ausgabe 4/2016
Autoren:
Chaolun An, Jiajun Zhang, Hongjun Chu, Chunyan Gu, Feng Xiao, Fengwei Zhu, Rujian Lu, Hai Shi, Hongfei Zhang, Xin Yi
Wichtige Hinweise
Chaolun An, Jiajun Zhang and Hongjun Chu contributed equally to this study.

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a combination regimen of gefitinib and pemetrexed as first-line chemotherapy in advanced EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Patients and methods Patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC harboring asensitive EGFR mutation were included in this study and randomly divided into gefitinib + placebo group and gefitinib + pemetrexed group. Pemetrexed or placebo was administered on day 1 at a dose of 500 mg/m2, and gefitinib was sequentially administered on days 2 ~ 16. This treatment regimen was repeated every 3 weeks until disease progression. All investigators and participants were masked to treatment allocation. The overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) of gefitinib + pemetrexed group were higher than that of gefitinib + placebo group but only the difference of DCR between two groups was statistically significant (< 0.05). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of gefitinib + placebo group and gefitinib + pemetrexed group were 14.0 months vs. 18 months respectively and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The 2-year PFS rates of gefitinib + pemetrexed group (20.00 %) was higher than that of gefitinib + placebo group (8.89 %) and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The median overall survival (OS) of gefitinib + placebo group and gefitinib + pemetrexed group were 32.0 months vs. 34 months respectively and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The 3-year OS rates of gefitinib + pemetrexed group (44.44 %) was higher than that of gefitinib + placebo group (35.56 %) but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Major grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicities included neutropenia, leukopenia and anemia. The main grade 3 or 4 non-hematological toxicities were infection, increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, fatigue, diarrhea and pneumonitis. The difference of toxicities between two groups was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The combination regimen of gefitinib + pemetrexed used in this study showed a higher ORR and DCR, longer median PFS and acceptable toxicity.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2016

Pathology & Oncology Research 4/2016Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise