Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Neurology 1/2018

Surgical treatment and perioperative management of intracranial aneurysms in Chinese patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases: a case series

Zeitschrift:
BMC Neurology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Yangrui Zheng, Chen Wu

Abstract

Background

Patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases are more likely to suffer from intracranial aneurysms, and their surgical treatment has a growing controversy in this condition. The current case series was aimed at exploring surgical treatment and perioperative management of intracranial aneurysms in Chinese patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases.

Methods

Minimally invasive surgical approach through small pterion or inferolateral forehead was applied in 31 patients. Anti-platelet drugs were withdrawn 1 week before surgical operation. Systolic blood pressure was controlled to be more than 110 mmHg and increased by 20% after the clipping of intracranial aneurysms. Branches of external carotid artery were spared to ensure collateral circulation. Temporary blocking was minimized and ischemic time was shortened during surgical operation.

Results

Patients had an average age of 66 (46–78) years, and proportion of males was 39% (12 males). There were 35 unruptured intracranial aneurysms with a diameter more than 5 mm. There were 20 posterior communicating and anterior choroidal aneurysms (57%), seveb middle cerebral aneurysms (20%), and eight anterior communicating aneurysms (23%), with 21 lobular aneurysms (60%). Twenty-nine patients had normal neurological function (Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS] 5), one patient with mild neurological defect (GOS 4), and one patient with severe neurological defect (GOS 3) at discharge. Meanwhile, there were 26 patients with modified Rankin Scale (MRS) 0–1, 4 patient with MRS 2, and one patient with MRS 3 at discharge. There were four patients lost during the follow-up. During the follow-up, 26 patients had normal neurological function (GOS 5), and one patient with severe neurological defect (GOS 3). Meanwhile, there were 25 patients with MRS 0–1, one patient with MRS 2, and one patient with MRS 3. All patients had no recurrence of intracranial aneurysms after operation.

Conclusions

The current case series found that minimally invasive surgical approach and intraoperative monitoring, supplemented by effective management of cerebrovascular perfusion, circulation and coagulation, can promote the treatment of intracranial aneurysms and prevent the development of cerebral ischemia and aneurysm rupture in Chinese patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. Future studies with large sample size will be needed to confirm the results from the current case series.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2018

BMC Neurology 1/2018 Zur Ausgabe

Neu in den Fachgebieten Neurologie und Psychiatrie

Meistgelesene Bücher in der Neurologie & Psychiatrie

  • 2016 | Buch

    Neurologie

    Das Lehrbuch vermittelt Ihnen das gesamte Neurologie-Prüfungswissen für Ihr Medizinstudium und bereitet auch junge Assistenzärzte durch detailliertes Fachwissen optimal auf die Praxis vor. Die komplett überarbeitete Auflage enthält sechs neue, interdisziplinäre Kapitel.

    Herausgeber:
    Werner Hacke
  • 2016 | Buch

    Komplikationen in der Neurologie

    Das Buch schildert Ereignisse im Rahmen der Neuromedizin, die während der Diagnostik und Therapie neurologischer Erkrankungen und Symptome auftreten können. Die Fallbeispiele sensibilisieren Sie für mögliche Risikofaktoren, um das Auftreten solcher Komplikationen zu vermeiden.

    Herausgeber:
    Frank Block
  • 2017 | Buch

    Facharztwissen Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie

    Leitsymptome, Untersuchungsmethoden, Krankheitsbilder, Notfälle & Co. – mit der Neuauflage des "Facharztwissens" sind Sie auf die Facharztprüfung in Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie optimal vorbereitet. In dieser 2. Auflage sind die Kapitel zu psychosomatischen Störungen deutlich ausgebaut.

    Herausgeber:
    Prof. Dr. Dr. Frank Schneider
  • 2019 | Buch

    Kompendium der Psychotherapie

    Für Ärzte und Psychologen

    Dieses Werk wendet sich an Ärzte und Psychologen, die an psychiatrischen und psychosomatischen Kliniken oder an Psychotherapeutischen Ausbildungsinstituten arbeiten und in den vorhandenen Lehrbüchern der Psychotherapie den Brückenschlag zur …

    Herausgeber:
    Tilo Kircher