Skip to main content
main-content

27.03.2020 | Original Article – Clinical Oncology | Ausgabe 7/2020

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 7/2020

Target-based genomic profiling of ctDNA from Chinese non-small cell lung cancer patients: a result of real-world data

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 7/2020
Autoren:
Huijuan Chen, Aiqin Wang, Jing Wang, Zeming He, Yanqiu Mao, Liming Liu
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Approximately 30% of NSCLC patients cannot obtain tissue sample or sufficient tissue sample for molecular subtyping. Cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in plasma is a potential alternative specimen type to assess genomic variants in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to identify the genomic alteration profile of ctDNA in real-world Chinese NSCLC patients.

Methods

A total of 325 subjects with pathological diagnosis of NSCLC were enrolled. 10 ml Peripheral blood was collected in streck tube, and ctDNA NGS analysis was carried out using an Ampliseq-based 11-gene panel.

Results

295 out of 325 patients (90.8%) had detected ctDNA results. In 62.1% (183/295) of these cases, at least one genomic alterations was detected. Frequency altered genes were EGFR (27.8%), TP53 (22.7%), KRAS (21.36%), and PIK3CA (4.75%). EGFR mutation was associated with female, younger age (< 65 years), and adenocarcinoma. The most common mutations in EGFR were L858R (39.4%), exon19 deletions (31.73%), and T790M (18.3%); G13S was the most common alterations in KRAS. TP53 mutation was most occurred in exon7 and exon8. TP53 mutation was significantly more common in patients with history of radiochemotherapy/chemotherapy therapy, and T790M was mainly found in patients with TKIs treatments. Co-existence EGFR mutation with KRAS and different multiple gene co-mutation panels were detected.

Conclusion

In Chinese NSCLC patients, EGFR mutation was significantly associated with female, younger age (< 65 years), and adenocarcinoma. Genomic profiles of NSCLC were associated with the treatment history; TP53 mutation was significantly more frequent in the patients with history of radiochemotherapy/chemotherapy therapy. Various multiple genes co-mutation panels, especially EGFR and KRAS co-mutation, were observed in the ctDNA of Chinese NSCLC patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 7/2020

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 7/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Onkologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise