01.12.2010 | Review Article
Treatment of malunion in ankle fractures
D. Weber, N. Borisch, M. Weber
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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Malunions are fractured bones that have healed in pathological positions. This leads to nonphysiological load transfer. Clinical symptoms at the ankle may include swelling, pain and impaired function. Lateral, posterolateral or posteromedial subluxation of the talus will be visible on the radiographs. Surgical correction may be indicated if the malunion is symptomatic. Different osteotomies have been described, but the goal of surgery will always be the reduction and retention of the subluxed talus in an effort to recreate stable conditions. Eighty percent of patients show good results with significant pain reduction in mid-term follow-up studies. Ankle arthrodesis after corrective osteotomy is rarely necessary.