Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Family Practice 1/2017

Who is on the primary care team? Professionals’ perceptions of the conceptualization of teams and the underlying factors: a mixed-methods study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Family Practice > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Kirti D. Doekhie, Martina Buljac-Samardzic, Mathilde M. H. Strating, Jaap Paauwe
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12875-017-0685-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Due to the growing prevalence of elderly patients with multi-morbidity living at home, there is an increasing need for primary care professionals from different disciplinary backgrounds to collaborate as primary care teams. However, it is unclear how primary care professionals conceptualize teams and what underlying factors influence their perception of being part of a team. Our research question is: What are primary care professionals’ perceptions of teams and team membership among primary care disciplines and what factors influence their perceptions?

Methods

We conducted a mixed-methods study in the Dutch primary care setting. First, a survey study of 152 professionals representing 12 primary care disciplines was conducted, focusing on their perceptions of which disciplines are part of the team and the degree of relational coordination between professionals from different disciplinary backgrounds. Subsequently, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 32 professionals representing 5 primary care disciplines to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying factors influencing their perceptions and the (mis)alignment between these perceptions.

Results

Misalignments were found between perceptions regarding which disciplines are members of the team and the relational coordination between disciplines. For example, general practitioners were viewed as part of the team by helping assistants, (district) nurses, occupational therapists and geriatric specialized practice nurses, whereas the general practitioners themselves only considered geriatric specialized practice nurses to be part of their team. Professionals perceive multidisciplinary primary care teams as having multiple inner and outer layers. Three factors influence their perception of being part of a team and acting accordingly: a) knowing the people you work with, b) the necessity for knowledge exchange and c) sharing a holistic view of caregiving.

Conclusion

Research and practice should take into account the misalignment between primary care professionals’ perceptions of primary care teams, as our study notes variations in the conceptualization of primary care teams. To enhance teamwork between professionals from different disciplinary backgrounds, professionals acknowledge the importance of three underlying conditions: team familiarity, regular and structured knowledge exchange between all professionals involved in the care process and realizing and believing in the added value for patients of working as a team.
Zusatzmaterial
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2017

BMC Family Practice 1/2017 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Allgemeinmedizin

Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet

2018 | Buch

Repetitorium Geriatrie

Geriatrische Grundversorgung - Zusatz-Weiterbildung Geriatrie - Schwerpunktbezeichnung Geriatrie

Das vorliegende Werk orientiert sich an den Fort-bzw. Weiterbildungsinhalten der Zusatz-Weiterbildung „Geriatrie“ , der Schwerpunktbezeichnung „Geriatrie“ sowie der strukturierten curricularen Fortbildung „Geriatrische Grundversorgung“ und wendet …

Herausgeber:
Dr. Rainer Neubart

2012 | Buch

Häufige Hautkrankheiten in der Allgemeinmedizin

Klinik Diagnose Therapie

Patienten mit Hautkrankheiten machen einen großen Anteil der Patienten in der Allgemeinarztpraxis aus. Prägnante Texte und zahlreiche Abbildungen zu Klinik, Pathogenese, Diagnose und Therapie helfen, die häufigsten dermatologischen Probleme zu lösen.

Autor:
Prof. Dr. med. Dietrich Abeck

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Allgemeinmedizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise