The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1186/s12943-017-0729-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Despite progress in treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), the biology of the tumor still remains poorly understood. Recently, we globally investigated the contributions of lncRNA in SCLC with a special focus on sponge regulatory network. Here we report lncRNA HOTTIP, which is specifically amplified in SCLC, is associated with SCLC proliferation and poor prognosis of patients.
RT-qPCR was used to investigate the expression of HOTTIP in SCLC tissues and cell lines. The role of HOTTIP in SCLC cell proliferation was demonstrated by CCK8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry analysis and in vivo SCLC xenograft model in nude mice through HOTTIP loss- and gain-of-function effects. Western blot assay was used to evaluate gene expression in cell lines at protein level. RNA pull-down, Mass spectrometry and RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to confirm the molecular mechanism of HOTTIP involved in SCLC progression.
We found that HOTTIP was overexpressed in SCLC tissues, and its expression was correlated with the clinical stage and the shorter survival time of SCLC patients. Moreover, HOTTIP knockdown could impair cell proliferation, affect the cell cycle and inhibit tumor growth of mice, while HOTTIP overexpression might enhance cell proliferation and cell cycle in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigations showed that HOTTIP functions as an oncogene in SCLC progression by sponging miR-574-5p and affecting the expression of polycomb group protein EZH1.
Overall, we identified that HOTTIP was involved in SCLC tumorigenesis through the ceRNA network “HOTTIP/miR-574-5p/EZH1”. Our findings not only illuminate how HOTTIP confers an oncogenic function in SCLC pathogenesis, but also underscore a novel gene expression governing hallmarks in the disease.
Additional file 1: HOTTIP and miR-574-5p were screened out by microarray and RT-qPCR methods. (JPEG 275 kb)12943_2017_729_MOESM1_ESM.jpg
Additional file 2: HOTTIP regulated the cell cycle of SCLC cells. (JPEG 353 kb)12943_2017_729_MOESM2_ESM.jpg
Additional file 3: Cell location of HOTTIP and verification of their targeted regulatory relationships in cytoplasm and nucleus. (JPEG 107 kb)12943_2017_729_MOESM3_ESM.jpg
Additional file 4: Legends of supplementary figures, primers, RNAi sequences, miRNA and antibodies information. (DOC 633 kb)12943_2017_729_MOESM4_ESM.doc
Miao L, Huang Z, Zengli Z, et al. Loss of long noncoding RNA FOXF1-AS1 regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stemness and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer cells. Oncotarget 2016; e-pub ahead of print 26 Aug 2016; doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.11630.
- A long non-coding RNA HOTTIP expression is associated with disease progression and predicts outcome in small cell lung cancer patients
- BioMed Central
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