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12.09.2019 | Original Article

A Standardized Multimodal Analgesia Protocol Reduces Perioperative Opioid Use in Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Autoren:
Angela Mujukian, Adam Truong, Hai Tran, Rita Shane, Phillip Fleshner, Karen Zaghiyan
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Abstract

Background

Multimodal analgesia protocols are becoming a common part of enhanced recovery pathways after colorectal surgery. However, few protocols include a robust intraoperative component in addition to pre-operative and post-operative analgesics.

Method

A prospective cohort study was performed in an urban teaching hospital in patients undergoing minimally invasive colorectal surgery before and after implementation of a multimodal analgesia protocol consisting of pre-operative (gabapentin, acetaminophen, celecoxib), intraoperative (lidocaine and magnesium infusions, ketorolac, transversus abdominis plane block), and post-operative (gabapentin, acetaminophen, celecoxib) opioid-sparing elements. The main outcome measure was use of morphine equivalents in the first 24-h post-operative period.

Results

The study cohort (n = 71) included 41 patients before and 30 patients after implementation of a multimodal analgesia protocol. Mean age of the entire study cohort was 47 ± 19.7 years and 46% were male. Patients undergoing surgery post-multimodal analgesia vs. pre-multimodal analgesia had significantly lower use of IV morphine equivalents in first 24-h post-operative period (5.8 ± 6.4 mg vs. 22.8 ± 21.3 mg; p = 0.005) and first 48-h post-operative period (7.6 ± 9.4 mg vs. 42 ± 52.9 mg; p = 0.0008). This reduction in IV morphine equivalent use post-multimodal analgesia was coupled with improved pain scores in the post-operative period. Post-operative hospital length of stay, post-operative ileus, and overall complications were not significantly different between groups.

Conclusions

Multimodal analgesia incorporating pre-operative, intraoperative, and post-operative opioid-sparing agents is an effective method for reducing perioperative opioid utilization and pain after minimally invasive colorectal surgery.

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