Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 1/2018

Atherosclerosis T1-weighted characterization (CATCH): evaluation of the accuracy for identifying intraplaque hemorrhage with histological validation in carotid and coronary artery specimens

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Wen Liu, Yibin Xie, Chuan Wang, Yanni Du, Christopher Nguyen, Zhenjia Wang, Zhaoyang Fan, Li Dong, Yi Liu, Xiaoming Bi, Jing An, Chengxiong Gu, Wei Yu, Debiao Li

Abstract

Background

Coronary high intensity plaques (CHIPs) detected using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) coronary atherosclerosis T1-weighted characterization with integrated anatomical reference (CATCH) have been shown to be positively associated with high-risk morphology observed on intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT). This study sought to validate whether CHIPs detected on CATCH indicate the presence of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) through ex vivo imaging of carotid and coronary plaque specimens, with histopathology as the standard reference.

Methods

Ten patients scheduled to undergo carotid endarterectomy underwent CMR with the conventional T1-weighted (T1w) sequence. Eleven carotid atherosclerotic plaques removed at carotid endarterectomy and six coronary artery endarterectomy specimens removed from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were scanned ex vivo using both the conventional T1w sequence and CATCH. Both in vivo and ex vivo images were examined for the presence of IPH. The sensitivity, specificity, and Cohen Kappa (k) value of each scan were calculated using matched histological sections as the reference. k value between each scan in the discrimination of IPH was also computed.

Results

A total of 236 in vivo locations, 328 ex vivo and matching histology locations were included for the analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, and k value were 76.7%, 95.3%, and 0.75 for in vivo T1w imaging, 77.2%, 97.4%, and 0.78 for ex vivo T1w imaging, and 95.0%, 92.1%, and 0.84 for ex vivo CATCH, respectively. Moderate agreement was reached between in vivo T1w imaging, ex vivo T1w imaging, and ex vivo CATCH for the detection of IPH: between in vivo T1w imaging and ex vivo CATCH (k = 0.68), between ex vivo T1w imaging and ex vivo CATCH (k = 0.74), between in vivo T1w imaging and ex vivo T1w imaging (k = 0.83). None of the coronary artery plaque locations showed IPH.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated that carotid CHIPs detected by CATCH can be used to assess for IPH, a high-risk plaque feature.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2018

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 1/2018 Zur Ausgabe