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01.02.2018 | Maternal-Fetal Medicine | Ausgabe 2/2018 Open Access

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2/2018

Clinical characteristics of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy: experience based on 121 cases

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Lingyu Luo, Hao Zen, Hongrong Xu, Yin Zhu, Pi Liu, Liang Xia, Wenhua He, Nonghua Lv

Abstract

Purpose

Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) is a rare condition; however, it markedly affects maternal and fetal health. This study aimed to describe the types, clinical characteristics, mortality, and the safety and necessity of gestation termination of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP).

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 121 APIP cases in the Gastroenterology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. APIP diagnosis were based on 2012 Atlanta Criteria. The correlation between APIP types, severity, biochemical parameters and mortality was analyzed.

Results

The most common symptoms for APIP were abdominal pain (86.8%) and vomiting (73.6%). The most common causes for APIP were gallstone (36.4%) and hypertriglyceridemia (32.2%) and hypertriglyceridemic APIP was correlated with a higher rate for local complication (P = 0.012). Serum calcium level was negatively correlated with the severity of APIP (P < 0.01). The overall maternal and fetal mortality rate were 3.3% (4/121) and 11.6% (14/121), respectively. The severity of APIP was significantly correlated with higher risks for maternal and fetal death (P < 0.01). 72.7% of moderate-to-severe APIP patients underwent Cesarean section to terminate gestation safely.

Conclusion

The most common causes of APIP were gallstone and hypertriglyceridemia. Lower level of serum calcium could be used as an indicator for the severity of the APIP. The severity of APIP was associated with higher risk for neonate asphyxia, and maternal and fetal death.

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