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09.01.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2020

Gastric Cancer 4/2020

Construction of 124I-trastuzumab for noninvasive PET imaging of HER2 expression: from patient-derived xenograft models to gastric cancer patients

Gastric Cancer > Ausgabe 4/2020
Xiaoyi Guo, Nina Zhou, Zuhua Chen, Teli Liu, Xiaoxia Xu, Xia Lei, Lin Shen, Jing Gao, Zhi Yang, Hua Zhu
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10120-019-01035-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Xiaoyi Guo, Nina Zhou, and Zuhua Chen have contributed equally to this work.

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Here, we sought to develop a PET radioligand based on trastuzumab labeled with 124I, 124I-trastuzumab, to evaluate its distribution, internal dosimetry, and initial PET images of HER2-positive lesions in gastric cancer (GC) patients.


In animal studies, micro-PET imaging and bio-distribution were performed to examine the specificity of 124I-trastuzumab in HER2-positive and HER2-negative mouse models. Subsequently, 124I-trastuzumab was applied in human clinic trial. Six gastric cancer patients with metastases underwent 124I-trastuzumab PET imaging, with 18F-FDG PET/CT in each to compare.


In animal studies, PET imaging of 124I-trastuzumab showed significant higher tumor uptake than that of 124I-IgG1 in HER2-positive PDX mouse models at 24 h. The low tumor uptake of 124I-trastuzumab in HER2-negative PDX models further confirmed the specificity. In human clinical studies, 18 HER2-positive lesions and 11 HER2-negative lesions were evaluated in PET imaging analysis. The detection sensitivity of 124I-trastuzumab was 100% (18/18) at 24 h. The PET images showed significant difference in tumor uptake between HER2-positive and HER2-negative lesions at 24 h (SUVmax 7.83 ± 0.55 vs. 1.75 ± 0.29, p < 0.0001). Quite striking difference in tumor uptake was observed between 124I-trastuzumab and 18F-FDG (SUVmax 1.75 ± 0.29 vs. 6.46 ± 0.44, p < 0.0001) in HER2-negative lesions, further confirming the specific binding of 124I-trastuzumab in HER2-positive lesions. The radiation-absorbed dose was calculated to be 0.3011 ± 0.005 mSv/MBq. No toxicities or adverse effects were observed in any of the patients.


The findings described here demonstrated that 124I-trastuzumab was feasible to detect HER2-positive lesions in primary and metastatic gastric cancer patients and to differentiate HER2-positive and HER2-negative lesions quantitatively.

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