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07.01.2016 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 3/2017

European Journal of Nutrition 3/2017

Dietary intake of subjects with diabetes is inadequate in Switzerland: the CoLaus study

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nutrition > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Matthieu Grange, Idris Guessous, Gérard Waeber
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00394-015-1146-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

To characterize the dietary intake of subjects aged 40–80 years according to self-reported diabetes and presence of an anti-diabetic diet.

Methods

Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 on 4289 participants (2274 women) living in Lausanne.

Results

Of the 299 (7 %) participants with self-reported diabetes, only 151 (51 %) reported an anti-diabetic diet. Compared to participants not reporting diabetes, participants with self-reported diabetes (with or without a diet) had a higher consumption of artificial sweeteners (0.3 ± 0.7 vs. 0.4 ± 0.8 and 0.8 ± 1.0 times/day) and a lower consumption of honey/jam (mean ± standard deviation: 0.5 ± 0.5 vs. 0.4 ± 0.4 and 0.4 ± 0.4 times/day) or sugar (0.6 ± 0.9 vs. 0.4 ± 0.7 and 0.2 ± 0.5 times/day) for participants not reporting diabetes, participants with self-reported diabetes not on a diet and on a diet, respectively. Compared to participants not on a diet, participants on a diet had a higher consumption of vegetables (1.8 ± 1.3 vs. 1.4 ± 1.0 portions/day), while no differences were found regarding all other food groups and nutrients. Participants with self-reported diabetes on a diet had a higher consumption of meat (5.6 ± 3.6 vs. 4.8 ± 2.9 portions/week) and a lower consumption of simple carbohydrates (21.0 ± 7.9 vs. 23.5 ± 8.4 % total energy intake) than participants not reporting diabetes.

Conclusion

People with diabetes eat less simple carbohydrates, but do not comply with current advice on fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables. Improvement of the dietary intake in persons with diabetes in Switzerland is needed.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 42 kb)
394_2015_1146_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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