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01.12.2014 | Short report | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

International Journal of Mental Health Systems 1/2014

Difference in suicide methods used between suicide attempters and suicide completers

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Mental Health Systems > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Meerae Lim, Sang Uk Lee, Jong-Ik Park
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1752-4458-8-54) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

ML participated in the design of the study, performed the statistical analysis and draft the manuscript. SUL participated in collecting data and helped to analyze. JIP conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

In light of the increased suicide rate in Korea, it has become important for researchers to examine the various factors associated with it. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the difference between suicide attempters and completers in terms of the suicide methods used and the lethality of these methods. In addition, we investigated certain demographic factors that are associated with the choice of suicide method by evaluating their lethality.

Finding

The most frequently used methods of suicide were different in the two groups of attempters and completers. Drug poisoning was the most frequent method in suicide attempters, whereas hanging was the most common method among suicide completers. Drug poisoning, stabbing, and other chemical poisoning were evaluated as relatively non-lethal compared to other suicide methods. While about 70.0% of the suicide attempters used relatively non-lethal methods, almost all suicide completers used lethal methods, based on our classification of the lethality of the method. In terms of gender, males used more lethal methods of suicide.

Conclusions

Suicide completers’ choice of suicide methods are different from those of suicide attempters and tend to be more lethal. Interventions to restrict access to more lethal suicidal methods could be a useful strategy to reduce the suicide rates in South Korea.
Zusatzmaterial
Authors’ original file for figure 1
13033_2014_213_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
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