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05.06.2018 | Original Article

Early recurrence after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)

International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Claramae Shulyn Chia, Sze Huey Tan, Khee Chee Soo, Melissa Ching Ching Teo
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10147-018-1301-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are used in the management of selected peritoneal malignancies. While most patients achieve long-term disease-free survival, there remains a group with early recurrence (ER). We aim to investigate the clinical factors associated with ER.


A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of CRS-HIPEC patients treated between April 2001 and Feb 2016 was performed. ER was defined as recurrence within 12 months of CRS-HIPEC. Patients were stratified according to time to recurrence and only patients with at least 12-month follow-up were included. Perioperative factors were investigated, and subgroup analyses of colorectal, ovarian and appendiceal groups were performed.


Of the 144 patients included, 30.6% were colorectal, 36.8% ovarian and primary peritoneal, 24.3% appendiceal, 2.1% mesothelioma and 6.3% were of other origins. Thirty-nine patients (27%) suffered ER. Univariable and multivariable analyses revealed that primary tumour type (p = 0.02) and post-CRS adjuvant treatment (p = 0.04) were associated with ER. Appendiceal patients had a lower odds of ER compared to colorectal patients [OR = 0.15 (0.043–0.502) p < 0.002]. Patients who received post-CRS adjuvant treatment had a lower odds of ER than patients without adjuvant treatment [OR = 0.32; (0.128–0.818) p = 0.02].


There remains a 27% risk of ER after CRS-HIPEC. Better patient selection and the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy may help to reduce ER.

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