01.06.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2019
Effect of low-level laser therapy and zoledronic acid on bone repair process
Lasers in Medical Science
- Vivian Chiacchio Buchignani, Evandro José Germano, Livia Marcela dos Santos, Jessica Lemos Gulinelli, Bella Luna Colombini Ishikiriama, Wilson Aparecido Orcini, Luciana Monti Lima Rivera, Pâmela Leticia Santos
This study aimed to evaluate, through histomorphometric analysis, the bone repair process in the tibia of rats treated with zoledronic acid and submitted to 808-nm low-level laser therapy (LLLT) by using arsenide aluminum gallium laser. For this purpose, 20 rats were used and distributed according to treatment: group 1—saline administration; group 2—treated with LLLT; group 3—treated with zoledronic acid; and group 4—treated with zoledronic acid and LLLT. The zoledronic acid was administered at a dose of 0.035 mg/kg every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Subsequently, bone defects of 2 mm were prepared in the tibias of all groups. The bone defects in groups 2 and 4 were irradiated with LLLT in the immediate post-operative period. After 14 and 28 days of application, the animals were submitted and euthanized for histomorphometric analysis. The results were submitted to statistical analysis (α = 5%), and the intragroup comparison was performed using the t test. On the other hand, for intergroup comparison, the ANOVA test was performed, and to the groups presenting statistically significant difference, the Student-Newman-Keuls test was used. In intergroup comparison, group 1 (mean ± SD= 45.2 ± 18.56%) showed a lower bone formation compared with groups 2 (64.13 ± 3.51%) (p = 0.358) and 4 (15.2 ± 78.22%) (p = 0.049), at the 14-day period. Group 3 (20.99 ± 7.42%) also presented a lower amount of neoformed bone tissue, with statistically significant difference when compared with groups 1 (p = 0.002), 2, and 4 (p ≤ 0,001). After 28 days, group 1 presented a lower amount of neoformed bone tissue compared with the other groups, with p = 0.020. Thus, it was concluded that LLLT associated with zoledronic acid is effective for stimulating bone formation in surgically created defects in rats, at the periods studied.