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06.01.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2018

Sport Sciences for Health 1/2018

Fundamental movement skill proficiency in juvenile Gaelic games

Zeitschrift:
Sport Sciences for Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Siobhán O’Connor, Enda. F. Whyte, Brendan Gibbons, Owen Feeney, Sandy Luc, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair

Abstract

Background

Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are basic observable patterns of movement and prerequisites to successful performance of sports specific skills. International research has found that children are not reaching their FMS developmental potential. Stability is a third construct of FMS; however, it is typically excluded from FMS assessment protocols. Limited research has examined FMS and balance proficiency in Irish children.

Aims

This study aimed to examine FMS and balance proficiency in juvenile Gaelic games players.

Methods

Thirteen FMS skills and dynamic balance were measured on 63 juvenile Gaelic games players (9.9 ± 1.3 years) using the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 and the Y Balance Test (YBT), respectively.

Results

Children demonstrated high levels of mastery in the run (100%), slide (96.8%), underhand throw (95.2%), catch (93.7%), and overhand throw (93.7%). Boys performed significantly better in object control skills (p < 0.0001) and total FMS skills (p = 0.002) than girls. Boys also participated in Gaelic games more frequently (p = 0.005), for more hours per week (p = 0.012) and for more years (p = 0.001). Players that played more hours of Gaelic games per week performed significantly better in object control skills (p = 0.04). Boys and girls did not perform significantly different in the YBT.

Conclusions

Irish juvenile Gaelic game players display higher FMS mastery in a range of FMS and balance proficiency than age-matched, general population. This suggests that participation in Gaelic games facilitates FMS development in children. However, low mastery levels were observed in certain skills; therefore, coaches should incorporate FMS development in coaching sessions.

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